One of the most important spiritual practices for me has been using the Psalms to connect with God. They give voice to the full range of our spiritual experiences, and unlike any other Scripture, they pave a pathway for the heart into which the Spirit readily flows.
They’ve been especially useful to me in the journey from my head to my heart.
In fact, nothing has been more helpful in the journey from my head to my heart than meditating on the Psalms.
When we meditate on the Psalms, we don’t just read them; we allow them to read us.
This is a common spiritual practice that spans the ages. When I began doing this, as so many saints in history have done, it opened up a whole new world for me of experiencing God through Scripture.
Part of what sparked this journey came through advice from a mentor of mine, who suggested that I learn to enjoy God in Scripture.
This suggestion came in answer to my question, “What advice do you have for me for the rest of my twenties?” I was turning twenty-seven at the time.
His words have stuck with me as I implemented his advice:
Enjoy God in Scripture.
His answer also coincided with the advice and practices of others I was reading during that season of life.
Welcome, Fellow Travelers
For example, I was reading David Benner’s books at the time, like those in his trilogy, The Spiritual Journey (which is comprised of Desiring God’s Will, Surrender to Love, and The Gift of Being Yourself). He, too, said that meditating on Scripture was the most important practice in helping him make the move from head to heart.
Side note: The move from head to heart does not mean bypassing one’s mind; it means transcending mere head knowledge into the heart. Head knowledge can be useful. It can actually be very useful—but only when it’s integrated with our hearts, which, biblically speaking, is the full inner life of a person.
During that season, I also learned that both Dietrich Bonhoeffer and C.S. Lewis daily meditated on Scripture (Bonhoeffer’s was for thirty minutes a day and Lewis’s was for fifteen minutes a day on a New Testament passage).
So, why focus on the Psalms?
The Psalms were important to Jesus, to Paul, and even people who lived a little later in Christian history (but not as contemporary as Bonhoeffer and Lewis). John Wesley (b. 1703), for example, knew the Psalms closely. He could quote the Psalms from his heart as those of us today often quote the New Testament from memory.
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A Simple Tool to Use
In this article, I present a downloadable PDF—a tool my family uses to read and pray the Psalms together. Of course, individuals can use it to meditate on the Psalms, too.
How to use this tool:
- Click on this link to access this simple PDF.
- Download and print the PDF (make sure to select “fit to page” when you print it).
- Systematically read through the Psalms, one a day.
- When you read a Psalm, mark the box next to the Psalm.
- For each Psalm, also add one word that will help you remember what that Psalm is about.
Tools are only as useful as our understanding of them, though. So, we must first understand how to use a tool like this.
After reading this article, you’ll have context, motivation, and practical guidance for using this simple tool—for systematically reading, praying, and meditating.
In fact, in this article, I will address those in that order:
- Reading the Psalms
- Praying the Psalms
- Meditating on the Psalms
But even before we get into each of those practices, I must say something about the substance of the Psalms, originally a set of songs, which seem to be underutilized and undervalued in the church today.
The Substance of the Psalms
The Psalms are 150 songs of praise, lament, outcry, outrage, disappointment, and everything in between.
Old Testament scholar Walter Brueggeman helpfully categorizes all Psalms into one of three types: psalms of orientation, psalms of disorientation, and psalms of reorientation.
Orientation—where the Psalmist’s gaze is oriented toward God and things look hopeful.
Disorientation—where the Psalmist’s gaze is oriented away from God and things look grim.
Reorientation—where the Psalmist moves from disorientation away from God back to orientation toward God.
A fun exercise: see if you can peg each Psalm with one of these categories as you read them. It helps you to see their situational use.
It’s important that we express the full range of spiritual experiences we have, and the Psalms are valuable for that. Our life experiences often lead to spiritual experiences. For example, the birth of a child is a life experience, and how one experiences God in that experience is a spiritual experience.
They’re especially helpful for expressing lament. Worship services today, in my experience, rarely make space for lament as the Psalms do. Roughly half of the Psalms are Psalms of lament (see more about this in Anchors for the Soul (by John Mark Hicks, Chapter 4, “God Understands”).
We need to create space in our souls for the pain of sorrow, the grief of despair, even the torment of guilt. That’s only a few of the spiritual feelings we experience. Perhaps these are more than feelings or emotions, though. Perhaps these are rather senses or experiences.
The Psalms help us exercise, if you will, our spiritual senses—even if we are not currently experiencing what we read in the Psalms. Below, I describe how we can address this issue as we pray the Psalms.
While some traditions go as far as to say we must pray and sing only the Psalms in worship…
I don’t go that far.
But I will say directly to worship leaders and those who influence worship leaders: Why don’t we worship more like the Psalms?
In practice, this can be singing songs with literal quotations from the Psalms. But it can even be as simple as more fully incorporating the full range of experiences of the Psalmists into our worship experiences. I think that honors God’s heart as captured by the Psalmists of our Holy Scriptures.
Let’s not just praise with the Psalmists, let’s lament, get angry, and even shout with the Psalmists.
So far, I have covered the substance of the Psalms.
Once we embrace the substance of the Psalms, then we can better read, pray, and meditate on them.
Read the Psalms
The tool I offer in this article is simply a one-page PDF of the Psalms, which you can instantly access to download here. My family uses this to read the Psalms most days of the week right now.
(I share more about using this tool for reading and praying the Psalms in family worship here.)
This tool is very simple. In fact, it’s so simple that it doesn’t require much explanation at all. It simply has boxes to help you keep track of which Psalms you’ve read. You can also—and this is how my family uses it—write one word next to the box for that Psalm to remind you of the entire Psalm. My hope is that this will help us all navigate the Psalms with more ease.
So, I first suggest simply reading the Psalms.
Funny enough, many people think of this as something only monks do! Sure, Christian monks prayerfully read—and sing!—the Psalms, at least that’s what the Trappist monks of the Abbey of Gethsemani do.
But I argue for this:
Reading the Psalms regularly should be every Christian’s practice.
So, read the Psalms, know the Psalms, maybe even memorize the Psalms.
Psalm 1 is a great place to start. It’s only six verses, and you can memorize it in a week’s time with a little effort.
But I want to go a step further to say something perhaps new to you: learn to pray the Psalms. Let me share with you about what I’m learning, as this is a relatively new practice for me.
Pray the Psalms
I mentioned the Abbey of Gethsemani above. A famous writer who lived at this Monastery, Thomas Merton, challenged me through his book Praying the Psalms to encourage families to pray the Psalms together.
You might be thinking, Pray the Psalms… what does that mean?
I wondered the same thing, so stay with me here.
Praying the Psalms goes beyond reading the words about someone else’s experiences; praying the Psalms lets them become your own.
It’s the same as singing the words of a hymn during Sunday morning worship—only it’s praying with the Words of Scripture.
When we pray the Psalms, we allow the Words of God to become our words back to God.
We can allow this book of poetry to stretch souls and mature us into a beautiful people, which is our vision at HIM Publications.
Praying the Psalms challenges us because it challenges those who only pray spontaneously. Even more, those of us who might “spiritualize” our spontaneous prayers as better than structured prayer are disciplined by praying the Psalms as we learn to let God’s Word train our hearts and transform our minds.
So, then the challenge is this: How do we pray the words of Psalms when we’re not personally experiencing that which they speak of?
My solution to that challenge is this: Just as we allow the songs of Sunday morning to shape us, let’s allow the Psalms to shape us. In fact, the Psalms teach us what words to pray. They teach us what we’re allowed to say to God.
Consider praying the Psalms as taking a class on prayer. It’s prayer school 🙂
Also, consider it to be taking a class on empathy. That is, sometimes we pray the words of Psalms we’re not currently experiencing because we’re praying them on behalf of another person.
We can practice empathy by praying the Psalms.
Take issues of injustice, pain, and despair. Do you know someone who feels those? You can intercede for them through prayer by using the Psalms.
Allow God’s empathy, who breathed these precious Scriptures, to become your empathy.
Allow the pains of the Psalms to become your pains.
Allow the joys of the Psalms to become your joys.
And allow the hope of the Psalms to lift your soul.
I love the Psalms where the writer tells his soul what to do. What a peculiar thing!
Psalms 42 and 43 repeat these lines three times:
“Put your hope in God,
for I will yet praise him,
my Savior and my God.” (NIV, 1984)
Even the Psalmists doesn’t always feel the words they’re praying. They allow the practice of praying them, though, to change their souls.
Isn’t that a major aspect of prayer—to be changed?
We don’t simply, or even primarily, go to God in prayer to affect his mind. That happens, for sure, but prayer more often, since it’s communion with God rather than just petitioning to God, changes our minds. Hopefully it changes our hearts and lives, as well.
The result of not only reading but also praying the Psalms is that our souls gain a depth and a height to them that is otherwise, I believe, very difficult to experience. It’s like we learn to express what it feels like, spiritually speaking, to ride the crests and troughs of life.
The crests of life come when we experience highs in life; the troughs of life come when we experience lows in life.
And the more experience we have in connecting with God through the Psalms, the better, because it seems that we learn to trust God in the storms of life. That’s what John Mark Hicks’s book, Anchors for the Soul is about.
Life always presents challenges, but having God with us allows us to experience those “storms” differently than we would if we went through them without God. Storms are low experiences, and meeting God there is a gift when it happens.
The more practiced we are in both the highs and the lows, the faster we get at willingly moving from the highs to the lows of life without capsizing.
So, we can pray “I will yet praise him” in one breath about God, and in the next breath, we can pray to God, “Why have you rejected me?”
The crests and the troughs.
We can even pray the words of Psalm 22, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”—knowing in our hearts what comes at the end of that Psalm of reorientation:
“For he has not despised or disdained
the suffering of the afflicted one;
he has not hidden his face from him
but has listened to his cry for help.”
When we pray the Psalms, we pray also with Christ, because he prayed the Psalms, too. And, because of that, I believe we can follow Jesus more faithfully (if not at least more holistically).
What I’ve found is that as God uses his Word in the Psalms to transform my heart, my hands, feet, and voice more easily follow, which is a liberation of sorts, a loosening of our soul. The loosening of our soul is exactly something that God wants for us. We have freedom in Christ after all.
So, that covers reading and praying the Psalms, but I want to end on meditating on the Psalms because meditation ties it all together.
Meditate on the Psalms
Going back to what I introduced above, I want to make the case here for meditating on the Psalms in particular.
With this, you can use that tool I introduced above for your personal mediations, not to mention your family devotions, too. Here’s the link again to instantly access and download it.
When I talk about meditation, I really mean spiritual meditation. And while there’s two main types of meditation—focusing on something and clearing one’s mind—I only practice the type which requires focusing intently on something.
I define meditation in terms of what we do with our mind, heart, and body.
- Focusing your mind on a particular truth for enough time to allow your body to relax.
- Opening your heart to be honest and vulnerable to your true self and to God’s voice.
- Relaxing your body to experience the physical manifestations of peace.
That’s not a technical definition, but simply the way I think about meditation.
As Eric Metaxas chronicles in Bonhoeffer, Dietrich Bonhoeffer would daily meditate on a set passage of Scripture that others from his church and movement would meditate on as well (at least when they went underground). This presented a unifying effect among his network of disciples when they were scattered during World War II. Bonhoeffer, Metaxas reports, would choose one word, phrase, or even the whole verse to meditate on. I’ve found this supremely helpful to emulate.
Let me offer a few practical suggestions on how to meditate:
- Find a quiet place in your home.
- Sit upright and in a relaxed position.
- Pray and ask God to speak to you through his Word.
- Pick one chapter of Scripture to read.
- After you read, select one verse that impacted you as you read.
- Meditate on one word, phrase, or the entire verse for at least ten minutes.
I say at least ten minutes because I’ve found that it takes at least ten minutes for me to get to and rest in the relaxation of meditation. Some can do it faster, I’m sure, but that’s my advice. Spending fifteen to thirty minutes in meditation, again in my experience, has proven to be most fruitful.
The Psalms in particular are great for meditation because our interpretation of them is already less analytical by nature than most other genres of the Bible. Poetry does not call on the mind as much it does the heart. So, the Psalms are a great place to start. Because…
Meditating on the Psalms goes beyond reading them.
Meditating on them goes beyond praying them.
Meditation brings reading and praying them together.
In fact, meditation empowers us to effectively read and pray the Psalms.
But let me address a common hesitation to meditating among Christians.
Should Christians Meditate?
Many religions and philosophies, especially of the East, have utilized meditation for various reasons. Many Americans, especially of late, have reported on the general benefits of meditation.
Meditation has been shown to:
- Help with anxiety
- Help with mental health
- Help overcome depression
So, why don’t more Christians meditate?
Let me simply say that meditation is totally a Christian practice:
Isaac meditated (Genesis 24:63)
Joshua meditated (Joshua 1:8)
And the Psalmist suggests meditation for all people (Psalm 1:2)
While the word “meditate” doesn’t appear in the English New Testament (at least not in the NIV, 1984), we know that this is a practice of our Jewish spiritual forerunners, and we can be confident of its value for us today because their Scriptures are our Scriptures, too.
Spiritual meditation presents additional benefits for Christians, and this is where Christian meditation takes on a specific meaning.
Anyone can meditate and experience benefits, but when Christians meditate, our experience is unique because of the work of the Holy Spirit in our hearts.
This presents a game-changer. We’re not simply meditating alone and on our own; we’re meditating before God, if we’re taking part in spiritual meditation.
Of course, we can slip into unspiritual meditation, but when we invite the Holy Spirit to guide us as we open our hearts to God’s Word in Scripture, we present ourselves ready to be influenced by God himself in a trans-rational way.
What I mean by “trans-rational” is that God can change parts of our hearts in ways that transcend our own understanding, healing aspects of our inner person that we are not consciously aware of.
Spiritual meditation is easiest when meditating on Scripture, especially the Psalms.
Meditating on the Psalms grows our soul deeper, wider, longer, and higher because it’s taking God’s song book and letting our hearts sing it to God, by God, for God’s pleasure.
But it’s real.
Read, pray, and meditate on the Psalms.
If you do this, then your whole life can be transformed into a walking, living, breathing prayer to God. What an adventure! I hope you’ll join me in this journey as I continue learning how to connect with God through the Psalms.